Publisher's note: The James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal is a nonprofit institute dedicated to improving higher education in North Carolina and the nation. Located in Raleigh, North Carolina, it has been an independent 501(c)(3) organization since 2003. It was known as the John W. Pope Center for Higher Education Policy until early January 2017.
The author of this post is Madeline Baker.
A college endowment is a fund where an institution keeps its financial assets and donations and can invest that money for the college's long-term stability. In North Carolina, the largest college endowments saw their market value increase between 8 percent and 20 percent from 2017 to 2018.
Endowment increases weren't simply a case of the rich getting richer, however. Duke University had the smallest yearly increase at 7.8 percent while Campbell University had the largest increase at 19.8 percent. The average increase of the largest 10 North Carolina college endowments was 11 percent.
Despite the smaller increase, Duke's $8.5 billion endowment is still more than twice as much as the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's $3.4 billion endowment, the second-largest in the state. While North Carolina endowments grew in 2018, endowment growth slowed nationwide, from 12 percent in 2017 down to 8 percent, according to The Wall Street Journal
. The national trend may be a result of the 2017 tax reform, which removed the option to deduct charitable donations
for many people, and returns may have been hurt by a decline in American and international stock markets in 2018.
Endowment growth could slow, too, as colleges spend more from their endowments on student financial aid, academic programs, and other university expenses. Susan Whealler Johnston, president and CEO of the National Association of College and University Business Officers, told The Wall Street Journal
that "We may be sacrificing inflation-adjusted gains for future generations by placing a priority on providing funds for the current generation."
Madeline Baker was a Martin Center intern in summer 2019. She is pursuing a bachelor of science in International Economics and Finance with a minor in Spanish at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C.